The Real Reason your Claim was Denied
A good mystery is a delight but they should be reserved for leisure time reading. It should not be an element of Requests for Additional Information (ADRs) from Palmetto GBA or any other Medicare contractor. And yet, they are. Below are some examples that have come across my desk in recent months as the Targeted Probe and Educate (TPE) process marches forward. I admit that at times I am truly challenged.
There are two denial codes in particular that keep showing up and really, they could mean anything. The first is:
5F023 – No Plan of Care or Certification
Believe it not, there are some people who think this means that no plan of care or certification was included with the submission of documents. If it is found when the biller is checking claims status, he or she may simply fax over the plan of care thinking they are helping the agency get paid faster. There goes one round of appeals.
If they had taken the time to look up this reason for denial on Palmetto GBA’s website they may have found an explanation that confirmed their initial impression. It is prefaced by the following:
The services billed were not covered because the home health agency (HHA) did not have the plan of care (POC) established and approved by a physician, as required by Medicare, included in the medical records submitted for review and/or the service(s) billed were not covered because the documentation submitted did not include the physician’s signed certification or recertification.
So, when a letter arrives in the mail two days after the resubmission of the plan of care, agencies may be surprised to find out their claim was denied because the physician’s Face-to-Face encounter did not support homebound status in his clinic note. Maybe because it is not a requirement for their patients to be homebound so they don’t think about it.
You would think they would make a code just for homebound status so that the reason codes for denials would correspond with the reasons for denial. That’s what I would do.
To be fair, nobody is doubting homebound status. Rather, they are saying that the physician did not fully support homebound status.
Another claim denied for having no certification or plan of care was explained the same way. The Face-to-Face encounter documentation did not support homebound status. The physician documented that the beneficiary was having recurrent dizziness, continued incisional pain, low back pain and bilateral knee pain. The medication list included percocet, alprazolam and hydroxyzine. And yet, a reviewer at Palmetto does not understand how dizziness, knee pain, back pain and incisional pain might reduce the ability of a patient to leave the home and tolerate the outing with aplomb.
5FF2F – The physician certification was invalid because the required face‐to‐face encounter was missing/incomplete/untimely.
As an additional bonus, there is no shortage of claims denied for reason code 5FF2F – The physician certification was invalid because the required face‐to‐face encounter was missing/incomplete/untimely.
So which is it? Is the Face-to-Face missing or untimely or incomplete? Responding to a denial is not the time for guesswork.
On one appeal, Palmetto GBA asserted:
… The face to face encounter note indicated that the beneficiary required the use of a wheelchair, thus satisfying criterion one of the face to face requirements. However, criterion two was not met. There was no indication of a normal inability to leave the home or how leaving the home would require a considerable or taxing effort.
The physician wrote in the encounter documentation that the patient had a catheter, a prior CVA, dilated cardiomyopathy and he ordered a hospital bed and an alternating pressure mattress for the prevention of skin breakdown. An overnight pulse oximetry was ordered to determine if the patient qualified for supplemental oxygen. There was a previous stroke resulting in weakness and difficulty with speech. Could anyone (in their 90’s) have this combination of conditions and find it NOT taxing to leave home?
The physician does not follow the patient home and determine how the patient tolerated the outing. He or she doesn’t call the patient in the morning like the dentist who performed a root canal.
In all of the denial letters, the Medicare Benefit Policy Manual, Chapter 7, is referenced. Section 18.104.22.168 of that manual states:
The certifying physician and/or the acute/post-acute care facility medical record (if the patient was directly admitted to home health) for the patient must contain information that justifies the referral for Medicare home health services. This includes documentation that substantiates the patient’s:
Need for the skilled services; and
The key word here is ‘substantiate’. According to the Manual, the physician does not need to document specifically how the patient tolerated the outing from home. Rather, there must be sufficient information to substantiate that a patient can not leave home without a considerable or taxing effort.
Don’t get angry. I’m mad enough for us all and it isn’t healthy.
Call a consultant if you need help. (My number, 225-253-4876, is a good start.)
Meanwhile, I’m trying to figure out how they will handle Medical Review in PDGM. Could it be we get a break the way we did when PPS was first implemented?
Questions and comments are always welcome. Look for the comments section or email me at your convenience.
I thought that CMS allowed us to include our documentation supporting medical necessity and homebound status in the certification IF the physician agrees to the findings and that he/she adopts our documentation in the patient’s medical record. Is that not sufficient if the face to face note does not specifically state the clinical manifestations supporting medical need and homebound status.
Yes. It is sufficient. The MD must sign it to acknowledge it. I have been involved in multiple TPE probes and this has not been done. It is, however, the subject of a future post. Thanks for pointing this out.
I thank the gods every day I have NGS as a MAC.
As well you should. CGS is good, too and puts out relevant info. I use the CGS F2F cheat sheet all the time.